Câu thụ động (Passive voice) là một trong trong những cấu tạo cơ bản không thể bỏ qua nếu bạn đang vào hành trình chinh phục những đỉnh điểm mới trong TOEIC / IELTS / giờ Anh. Để làm rõ cách thực hiện của câu bị động các bạn cần thực hành thực tế làm nhiều bài xích tập. Trong nội dung bài viết này trabzondanbak.com sẽ cung ứng cho chúng ta tổng hợp đều bài tập câu bị động tự cơ bản đến cải thiện và đáp án chi tiết ở cuối bài.
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I. định hướng về câu tiêu cực
1. Định nghĩa câu thụ động
Câu bị động(Passive Voice) là câu mà công ty ngữ là tín đồ hay vật chịu ảnh hưởng tác động của hành động, được thực hiện để nhấn mạnh đến đối tượng người dùng chịu ảnh hưởng tác động của hành động đó. Thì của câu bị động phải tuân theo thì của câu công ty động.
The first diagram (1-illustrate)____________the process of cement manufacture, và the second diagram (2-show)_____________ the materials that go into the production of concrete.
It is clear that there are five stages in the production of cement, beginning with the đầu vào of raw materials and ending with bags of the finished product. To produce concrete, four different materials (3-mix)______________ together.
At the first stage in the production of cement, limestone & clay (4-crush)____________ to khung a powder. This powder then (5-mix)______________ before it passes into a rotating heater. After heating, the resulting mixture (6-grind)_______________, và cement (7-produce)______________. Finally, the cement (8-package)_______________in large bags.
Cement is one of the four raw materials that (9-use)_______________ in the production of concrete, along with gravel, sand & water. Lớn be exact, concrete (10-consist)_______________ of 50% gravel, 25% sand, 15% cement & 10% water. All four materials are blended together in a rotating machine called a concrete mixer.
Bài tập 4
Chuyển số đông câu chủ động sang câu bị độngWhen will you bởi vì the work?How are you going to deal with this problem?How vị you spend this amount of money?I wonder whether the board of directors will choose Susan or Jane for the position.How did the police find the lost man?
Bài tập 5
Chuyển những câu sau quý phái thể bị động.The waiter brings me this dish.Our friends send these postcards to lớn us.Their grandmother told them this story when they visited her last week.Tim ordered this train ticket for his mother.She showed her ticket lớn the airline agent.Jim baked this cake yesterday.They are going lớn buy a new apartment next year.The cửa hàng assistant handed these boxes khổng lồ the customer.The board awarded the first prize khổng lồ the reporter.Have you sent the Christmas cards to lớn your family?The committee appointed Alice secretary for the meeting.Tom will give Anna a ride to lớn school tomorrow.They keep this room tidy all the time.We gave Ann some bananas & some flowers.They moved the fridge into the living room.
Bài tập 6
Chuyển các câu hỏi dạng đảo Yes/No sang trọng câu bị độngDo they teach English here?Will you invite her khổng lồ your wedding party?Has Tom finished the work?Did the teacher give some exercises?Have they changed the window of the laboratory?Is she going to write a poem?Is she making big cakes for the party?Are the police making inquires about the thief?Must we finish the chạy thử before ten?Will buses bring the children home?Have you finished your homework?
Bài tập 7
Chuyển những câu hỏi bước đầu bằng từ hỏi “H/WH” sau lịch sự câu bị độngWhy didn’t they help him?How many games has the team played?Where bởi people speak English?Who are they keeping in the kitchen?How can they mở cửa this safe?What books are people reading this year?How did the police find the lost man?Who look after the children for you?How long have they waited for the doctor?What time can the boys hand in their papers?Who lend you this book?How many marks does the teacher give you?
Bài tập 8
Chuyển câu có 2 công ty ngữ sang câu bị độngThey paid me a lot of money to do the job.The teacher gave each of us two exercise books.Someone will tell him that news.They have sent enough money to those poor boys.They have given the women in most countries in the world the right khổng lồ vote.
Bài tập 9
Chuyển những câu với hễ từ trần thuật sau sang câu bị độngThey think that he has died a natural death.Some people believe that 13 is an unlucky number.They say that John is the brightest student in class.They reported that the President had suffered a heart attack.I knew that they had told him of the meeting.They declared that she won the competition.They rumored the man was still living.People think that Jack London’s life & writing’s represent the American love of adventure.They reported that the troops were coming.People believed that the earth stood still.
Bài tập 10
Chuyển những câu với đụng từ chỉ nhận thức sau thanh lịch câu bị độngI have heard her sing this tuy vậy several times.People saw him steal your car.The teacher is watching the work.He won’t let you bởi that silly thing again.People don’t make the children work hard.They made him work all day.The detective saw the woman putting the jewelry in her bag.The terrorists made the hostages lie down.Police advise drivers khổng lồ use an alternative route.She helps me to bởi all these difficult exercises.
Bài tập 11
Chọn câu trả lời đúngAn old woman feeds the pigeons.
The pigeons ____________
A. Are fed
B. Were fed by an old woman.A burglar broke the window.
The window _________
A. Was broken
B. Is broken by a burglar.Someone has made a mistake.
A mistake ___________
A. Was made
B. Has been made .Everyone is going khổng lồ love her.
A. Is going to be loved
B. Was going to be loved by everyone.Cervantes wrote ‘Don Quixote’.
‘Don Quixote’ ___________
A. Was written by Cervantes.
B. Has been written by Cervantes.She is helping my sister.
My sister ____
A. Is helped
B. Is being helped by her.Pamela will drive the bus.
The bus ________
A. Will been driven
B. Will be driven by Pamela.I was watering the plants.
The plants _______
A. Were being watered
B. Are being watered by me.
Bài tập 12
Sắp xếp từ bỏ thành câu trả chỉnhhas / The / door / opened. / beenon / is / grass / the / prohibited. / WalkingBreakfast / is / at / served / 8.30.spoken / in / English / is / shop. / thatwere / flowers / The / this / morning. / wateredmeat / been / your / The / has / cat! / stolen / byis / being / Your / hair / brushed.if / they / naughty. / will / be / children / punished / The / areyet. / not / car / Your / repaired / isbecause / cake / happy / awful / eaten! / been / am / has / I / that
Bài tập 13Five suspects (A) have be (B) arrested (C) by the (D) police.He was ordered (A) by the (B) doctor to (C) take an (D) long rest.A (A) nhảy class (B) was start (C) last week (D).He were found (A) in the (B) forest by (C) the (D) police.A (A) oto is (B) going lớn been (C) bought (D) tomorrow.These drugs are (A) be (B) destroyed (C) by police (D).I’m from (A) Russia and (B) my family born (C) there (D).
Bài tập 14
1. My room _________________________ in the house by her now.
A. Is being cleaned
B. Are being cleaned
C. Will be cleaned
D. Would be cleaned
2. Tom ___________________________ by Mary since 10 o’clock.
A. Has operated
B. Have been operated
C. Has been operated
D. All are wrong.
3. Someone __________________ to lớn take his place.
A. Must be find
B. Might be find
C. Should be finds
D. Must be found
4. Trăng tròn demonstrators ________________________ by the police.
A. Was arrested
B. Were arrested
C. Was arresting
D. A và B
5. That book ______________________ by Tom yesterday.
A. Were bought
C. A & B
D. Was bought
6. Much of the thành phố ______________________ by fire in the 17th century.
A. Was destroyed
B. Is destroyed
C. Are destroyed
D. Were destroyed
7. Work _________________________ by the teacher.
A. Are being watched
B. Was being watched
C. Is being watched
D. B & C
8. My house __________________ red and blue.
A. Are painted
B. Is painted
C. Was painted
D. All are wrong.
9. The grain _________________ to the factory, where it _______________ & ____________________.
A. Are taken / cleaned / is checked
B. Is taken / is cleaned / is checked
C. Was taken / was cleaned / was checked
D. Is taken / is cleaned / checked
10. Jag Niwas _______________________ by Prince Maharana Jagat Singh II.
A. Were built
B. Are built
C. Was built
D. Is built
11. The wall _______________________ before you paint it.
A. Must be cleaned
B. Should cleaned
C. Might been cleaned
D. No answer is right
12. The Garden of Clear Ripples ___________________ by The Qing Emperor Quinlong in the middle of the 16th century.
B. Was designed
C. Were designed
D. B & C
13. This computer _________________________ to use
A. Will be continued
B. Would continued
C. Should continue
D. Must continues
14. A lot of food _____________________ these days.
A. Are thrown
B. Were thrown
C. Is thrown
D. Was thrown
Bài tập 15
Đọc đoạn văn sau và chia động từ trong ngoặc ngơi nghỉ dạng đúng của câu bị động
The Titanic was a huge ship. It (112. Build)___________ in Liverpool, England, và sank on its first trip in 1912. Today, you can visit the Titanic Museum in Missouri, USA & see what life was lượt thích for people on the Titanic. Visitors (113. Greet) _____________ y people in costumes và (114. Give)__________ tickets for their journey. Inside, the museum (115. Decorate)____________ with things from the real Titanic passengers, lượt thích clothes, letters, và jewelry. All the items (116. Keep)____________ in good conditions. You can learn about the passengers and explore the world’s most famous ship.
Đáp ánĐáp án bài bác tập 1This air ticket was ordered for Emma’s mother.Her new dress are lent to lớn her friends (by her).Seven million dollars was left to lớn his relatives (by him).These gifts were handed khổng lồ the customer (by the shop manager).The first prize was awarded lớn the outstanding (by the board of directors).Have the christmas cards been sent to lớn her family?Ann was given some apples và some rose flowers (by us).The fridge was moved to the second floor (by my father).Some cups of coffee were brought to the visitors in the kitchen (by my mother).The lưu ý wasn’t taken to lớn the assistant (by the manager).Đáp án bài tập 2repairedto typepaintedwritesentcutcarryĐáp án bài bác tập 3illustratesshowsare mixedare crushedis then mixedis groundis producedis packagedare usedconsistsĐáp án bài tập 4When will the work be done?How is this problem going lớn be dealt with?How is this amount of money spent?I wonder whether Susan or Jane will be chosen for the position by the board of directors.How was the lost man found by the police?Đáp án bài xích tập 5This dish is brought lớn me by the waiter.These postcards are sent lớn us by our friends.They were told this story by their grandmother when they visited her last week.This train ticket was ordered for Tom’s mother by him.Her ticket was shown lớn the airline agent by her.This cake was baked by Jim yesterday.A new apartment is going to be bought next year.The customer was handed these boxes by the cửa hàng assistant.The first prize was awarded to the reporter by the board.Have the Christmas cards been sent to lớn your family?Alice was appointed secretary for the meeting by the committee.Anna will be given a ride to lớn school by Tom tomorrow.This room is kept tidy all the time.Ann was given some bananas và some flowers by us.The fridge was moved into the living room.Đáp án bài tập 6Is English taught here?Will she be invited khổng lồ your wedding party?Has the work been finished by Tom?Were some exercises given by the teacher?Has the window of the laboratory been changed?Is a poem going khổng lồ be written?Are big cakes being made for the party?Are inquires about the thief being made by the police?Must the kiểm tra be finished before ten?Will the children be brought trang chủ with buses?Has your homework been finished?Đáp án bài tập 7Why wasn’t he helped?How many games have been played by the team?Where is English spoken?Who are being kept in the kitchen?How can this be opened safe?What books are being read this year?How was the lost man found by the police?By whom are the children looked after for you?How long has the doctor been waited for?What time can their papers be handed in by the boys?By whom is this book lent?How many marks are given khổng lồ you by the teacher?Đáp án bài xích tập 8I was paid a lot of money to do the job.Each of us was given two exercise books by the teacher.He will be told that news.Those poor boys have been sent enough money.The women in most countries in the world have been given the right lớn vote.Đáp án bài tập 9He is thought khổng lồ have died a natural death.13 is believed khổng lồ be an unlucky number.John is said to be the brightest student in class.The President was reported lớn have suffered a heart attack.They were known to have told him of the meeting.She was declared to win the competition.The man was rumored khổng lồ be still living.Jack London’s life and writing is thought to lớn represent the American love of adventure.The troops were reported khổng lồ be coming.The earth was believed khổng lồ stand still.Đáp án bài tập 10 She has been heard to sing this tuy vậy several times.He was seen khổng lồ steal your car.The work is being watched by the teacher.You won’t be let to bởi that silly thing again.The children are made lớn work hard.He was made to lớn work all day.The woman was seen putting the jewelry in her bag by the detective.The hostages were made lớn lie down by the terrorists.Drivers are advised lớn use an alternative route by police.I am helped to vì all these difficult exercises.Đáp án bài bác tập 11AABAABBAĐáp án bài xích tập 12The door has been opened.Walking on the grass is prohibited.Breakfast is served at 8.30.English is spoken in that shop.The flowers were watered this morning.The meat has been stolen by your cat!Your hair is being brushed.The children will be punished if they are naughty.our oto is not repaired yet.I am happy because that awful cake has been eaten!Đáp án bài tập 13B (be thành been)D (an thành a)C (start thành started)A (were found thành was found)C (been thành be)A (are thành will)C (born thành was born)Đáp án bài bác tập 14 ACDBDDCCDCABACĐáp án bài bác tập 15was builtare greetedare givenis decoratedare kept
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